HSV, or the herpes simplex virus, is a type of infection that causes herpes. Herpes in itself can be either Type 1 Herpes, or otherwise known as HSV-1, or Type 2 Herpes, or HSV-2. Herpes can either appear on the mouth or on the genitals. In HSV-1, patients experience fever blisters and cold sores around the mouth or on the facial area. In HSV-2, herpes mostly appears around the genital area.
Herpes Simplex Causes and Symptoms
HSV-1 can be more infectious as compared to HSV-2 when the individual is having an outbreak. About 30 to 95% of the adult population may be carrying the herpes virus but almost all of them will never experience an outbreak in their life. It is entirely possible that an individual can get an HSV-1 infection if they received oral sex from someone who had cold sores during the time.
Herpes Simplex Signs
Wondering if you’ve been infected with the herpes simplex virus? Here are some of the most common signs you should look out for:
- Blistering cold sores (in the genital area or the mouth)
- Experiencing pain when urinating (symptoms of genital herpes)
Moreover, you can be experiencing flu-like symptoms such as headaches, tiredness, swollen lymph nodes and general lack of appetite. In addition to the symptoms mentioned, the patient could have eye discharges, eye pain and a gritty feeling. The attending physician may check for sores and telltale signs, such as mouth sores and the like.
It’s worthy to note that people who have HSV will have it their entire life. Even when there aren’t any symptoms, the viral cells lie and wait under the nerve cells. Some individuals may experience regular outbreaks while others may only have one outbreak before the virus lies dormant. The viral cells may become activated if triggered with certain stimuli, i.e., excessive stress, illness, menstrual periods and prolonged exposure to the sun.